2nd Grade Content Standards

Second Grade Content Standards

 Click the standard for the area of study:

Reading / Language Arts          •          Mathematics          •          Science          •          Social Studies


Reading / Language Arts

01    Reading: Students will use phonetic analysis to read, write, and spell grade level text.
  • Use knowledge of letter/sound correspondence and spelling patterns to read, write, and spell (e.g., consonant and vowel digraphs, diphthongs)
  • Read, write, and spell sight words
  • Blend sounds to form words
  • Read words in connected text
  • Use word structure to read text (e.g., onset and rime, prefixes/suffixes, compound words, contractions, syllabication, derivation)
  • Monitor the accuracy of decoding
02    Reading: Students will develop accuracy, phrasing, and expression while reading grade level text.
  • Read phrases, clauses, and sentences that sound like natural language to support comprehension
  • Read high-frequency words and phrases accurately and automatically
  • Vary voice intonation (e.g., volume, tone) to reflect meaning of text
  • Use appropriate pace while reading to gain and enhance the meaning of text
03    Reading: Students will build literary, general academic, and content specific grade level vocabulary.
  • Use word structure elements, known words, and word patterns to determine meaning (e.g., contractions, plurals, possessives, basic parts of speech, compounds, syllables)
  • Relate new grade level vocabulary to prior knowledge and use in new situations
  • Identify and use context clues (e.g., word and sentence clues, re-reading) and text features (e.g., illustrations, graphs, titles, bold print) to help infer meaning of unknown words
  • Identify semantic relationships (e.g., patterns and categories, synonyms, antonyms, multiple meanings)
  • Identify meaning using print and digital reference materials (e.g., dictionary, glossary)
  • Locate words in reference materials (e.g., alphabetical order, guide words)   
04    Reading: Students will extract and construct meaning using prior knowledge, applying text information, and monitoring comprehension while reading grade level text.
  • Identify author’s purpose(s) (e.g., explain, entertain, inform, persuade) to support text comprehension
  • Identify elements of narrative text (e.g., characters, setting, plot)
  • Retell information from narrative text including characters, setting, and plot
  • Explain the ways authors use words (e.g., rhythm, repeating line, simile, alliteration, onomatopoeia)
  • Retell and summarize the main idea from informational text
  • Identify organizational patterns found in informational text (e.g., sequence, description, compare/contrast)
  • Use text features to locate information and gain meaning from a text (e.g., table of contents, maps, charts, illustrations, titles, bold print, captions)
  • Identify the basic characteristics of familiar narrative and informational text genres (e.g., fairy tales, nursery rhymes, picture books, how-to books)
  • Compare and contrast connections between characters or events in narrative or informational text, to own life or other cultures
  • Generate and/or answer literal, inferential, and critical questions, supporting answers using prior knowledge and literal and inferential information from the text
  • Identify and explain purpose for reading (e.g., information, pleasure, understanding)
  • Build and activate prior knowledge in order to identify text to self, text to text, and text to world connections before, during, and after reading
  • Self-monitor comprehension by applying appropriate strategies to self-correct when errors detract from meaning
  • Make and confirm/modify predictions before, during, and after reading(e.g., illustrations, personal experience, events, character traits)
  • Respond to text verbally, in writing, or artistically   
05    Writing: Students will apply the writing process to plan, draft, revise, edit and publish writing using correct spelling, grammar, punctuation, and other standard conventions appropriate for grade level.
  • Use prewriting activities and inquiry tools to generate ideas (e.g., brainstorm, map, free write, graphic organizer)
  • Generate a draft by:

(1) Selecting and organizing ideas relevant to topic, purpose, and genre

(2) Composing complete sentences of varying length, and complexity, and type (e.g.,dictation, labeling, simple sentences declarative, interrogative, exclamatory), and

(3) Developing a coherent beginning and end

  • Revise to improve writing (e.g., quality of ideas, organization, sentence fluency, word choice, voice)
  • Provide oral feedback to other writers; utilize others’ feedback to improve own writing
  • Edit writing for format and conventions (e.g., spelling, capitalization, grammar, basic punctuation)
  • Publish a legible document (e.g., handwritten or electronic)
  • Print legibly (e.g., letter formation, letter size, spacing, alignment)   
06    Writing: Students will write for a variety of purposes and audiences in multiple genres.
  • Write for a specific purpose (e.g., story with pictures, factual book, alphabet book, poem, letter)
  • Write to known audience or specific reader (e.g. letter to familiar person)
  • Write considering typical characteristics of a selected genre (e.g., variety of poems, friendly letter, how-to books)
  • Use Apply an organizational structure that includes a central idea or focus
  • Compare models and examples (own and others) of various genres to create a similar piece
07    Speaking & Listening: Students will develop and demonstrate speaking skills to communicate key ideas in a variety of situations.
  • Communicate ideas orally in a manner appropriate for the purpose and setting (e.g., language, word choice, sequence, relevance)
  • Demonstrate speaking techniques for a variety of purposes and situations 
08    Speaking & Listening: Students will develop and demonstrate active listening skills across a variety of situations. 
  • Demonstrate listening skills needed for multiple situations and modalities (e.g., electronic, one-to-one, small/large group, teacher presentation)
  • Use information in order to complete a task (e.g., follow multi-step directions, responding to questions)
  • Listen and retell specific details of information heard
  • Listen to and ask questions about thoughts, ideas, and information being communicated
09    Speaking & Listening: Students will develop reciprocal communication skills.
  • Demonstrate awareness of and sensitivity to the use of words (e.g., helpful and hurtful words, stereotypes, multiple meanings of words)
  • Apply conversation strategies (e.g., face the speaker, listen while others are talking, take turns talking, eye contact, stay on topic, non-verbal cues)
  • Participate actively with others in learning situations by contributing questions, information, opinions, and ideas (e.g., book share, literature circle, field trip share, cooperative problem solving)
10    Multiple Literacies: Students will research, summarize, and communicate information in a variety of media and formats (textual, visual, and digital).
  • Use resources to answer guiding questions (e.g., print, electronic)
  • Discuss ethical and legal use of information 
  • Practice safe behaviors when communicating and interacting with others (e.g., safe information to share online) 
  • Engage in activities with learners from a variety of cultures through electronic means (e.g., podcasts, video chats, distance learning, e-pals) 
  • Gather and share information and opinions as a result of communication with others (e.g., video/audio chat, interview, podcast, multi-media presentations) 
  • Use social networks and information tools to gather and share information (e.g., social bookmarking, online collaborative tools) 



01    Identify number relationships and place value of numbers through hundreds.
  • Group hundreds, tens, and ones.
  • Find missing numbers   
02    Show an understanding of whole numbers and fractional parts.
  • Recognize part of a whole.
03    Estimate and solve one- and two-digit addition and subtraction problems.
  • Demonstrate that addition is putting sets together.
  • Demonstrate that subtraction is separating sets.
  • Understand place value (two-digit numbers). 
04    Demonstrate the use of systems of measurement including time and money. 
  • Add money amounts 
  • Tell time to the 5 minutes. 
05    Identify characteristics of two-dimensional geometric objects and analyze using symmetry and congruence. 
  • Sort two-dimensional geometric objects. 
  • Identity congruent figures.
  • Draw lines of symmetry.
06    Count, organize, and interpret data using a variety of graphs and charts.
  • Understand tally marks. 
  • Interpret data from charts and graphs. 
  • Compare data from charts and graphs.
07    Identify and extend a variety of patterns.
  • Recognize the sequence of a pattern. 
  • Select numbers to complete/extend a pattern. 
08    Identify, develop, and apply strategies to solve problems using real-life situations.
  • Select appropriate skill to communicate solving a problems
09    Know basic addition and subtraction facts. 
  • Solve basic addition facts.
  • Solve basic subtraction facts.    
10    Complete a number sentence using math symbols. 
  • Recognize math symbols (+, -, =, <, >).
  • Solve problems using the correct math symbol.




SC K-12.1 Students will combine scientific processes and knowledge with scientific reasoning and critical thinking to ask questions about phenomena and propose explanations based on gathered evidence.

1.     Inquiry

·       SC2.1.1.a Ask questions that relate to a science topic

·       SC2.1.1.b Conduct simple investigations

·       SC2.1.1.c Select and use simple tools appropriately

·       SC2.1.1.d Describe objects, organisms, or events using pictures, words, and numbers

·       SC2.1.1.e Collect and record observations

·       SC2.1.1.f Use drawings and words to describe and share observations with others

·       SC2.1.1.g Use appropriate mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry



SC K-12.2 Students will integrate and communicate the information, concepts, principles, processes, theories, and models of the Physical Sciences to make connection with the natural and engineered world.

1.     Matter

·       SC2.2.1.a Observe physical properties of objects (texture, weight)

2.     Forces and Motion

·       SC2.2.2.b Describe how objects move in many different ways (straight, zigzag, round and round, back and forth, and fast and slow)



SC K-12.3 Students will integrate and communicate the information, concepts, principles, processes, theories, and models of the Life Sciences to make connections with the natural and engineered world.

1.     Structure and Function of Living Systems

·       SC2.3.1.c Identify external parts of plants and animals

2.     Biodiversity

·       SC2.3.4.a Recognize seasonal changes in animals and plants



SC K-12.4 Students will integrate and communicate the information, concepts, principles, processes, theories, and models of the Earth and Space Sciences to make connections with the natural and engineered world.

1.     Earth’s Structures and Processes

·       SC2.4.2.b Recognize ways in which individuals and families can conserve Earth's resources by reducing, reusing, and recycling

2.     Energy in Earth’s Systems

·       SC2.4.3.b Observe and describe simple daily changes in weather



Social Studies

01    CULTURE:
  • Identify the elements of different cultures in the neighborhood.
  • Compare neighborhoods of long ago to neighborhoods of today.
  • Demonstrate an awareness of current events.
  • Use information from maps and globes.
  • Identify natural, human, and man-made (capital) resources.
  • Describe how people work together to improve their neighborhood.

The Six Traits of Writing

01    Ideas
  • Clarity
  • Focus - a small, easy-to-manage topic
  • Good information - from experience, imagination or research
02    Organization-
  • A snappy lead that gets the reader’s attention
  • Order and logic - Clear connections to a main idea
  • A graceful ending - doesn’t just STOP
03    Voice
  • Sounds human–not like technospeak
  • Has the mark of this particular writer
  • Brings the topic to life
  • Is appropriate for the audience, topic, purpose
04    Word Choice
  • Moments that stick with you
  • Relies on strong verbs and precise nouns - not on modifiers
  • Creates word pictures
05    Sentence Fluency
  • Rhythmic
  • Easy to read aloud - inviting
  • Varied sentence length - some long, some short
06    Conventions
  • Spelling
  • Correct punctuation
  • Paragraphs for new topics
  • Quotations to set off dialogue
  • Appropriate capitalization
  • Noun/Verb agreement
  • No arbitrary shifts in tense
  • Layout has eye appeal