5th Grade Content Standards

Fifth Grade Content Standards

Click the standard for the area of study:

Reading / Language Arts          •          Mathematics          •          Science          •          Social Studies

Reading / Language Arts
01    Reading: Students will use knowledge of phonetic and structural analysis to read, write, and spell grade level text.
  • Use knowledge of phonetic and structural analysis (e.g., Anglo-Saxon common roots and affixes, multiple syllable words)
02    Reading: Students will read a variety of grade level texts fluently with accuracy, appropriate pace, phrasing, and expression.
  • Read phrases, clauses, and sentences that sound like natural language to support comprehension
  • Read words and phrases accurately and automatically
  • Recognize and practice elements of oral prosodic reading to reflect meaning of text (e.g., poem read slowly, conversational narrative, emphasis on key points of information)
  • Adjust oral or silent reading pace based on purpose, text difficulty, form, and style
03    Reading: Students will build literary, general academic, and content specific grade level vocabulary.
  • Apply knowledge of word structure elements, known words, and word patterns to determine meaning (e.g., affixes, abbreviations, parts of speech, word origins)
  • Relate new grade level vocabulary to prior knowledge and use in new situations
  • Select and apply knowledge of context clues (e.g., word, phrase, sentence, and paragraph clues, re-reading) and text features (e.g., glossary, headings, subheadings, captions, maps) to determine meaning of unknown words in a variety of text structures
  • Identify semantic relationships (e.g., multiple meanings, metaphors, similes, idioms, analogies)
  • Determine meaning using print and digital reference materials (e.g., dictionary, thesaurus, glossary)
04    Reading: Students will extract and construct meaning using prior knowledge, applying text information, and monitoring comprehension while reading grade level text.
  • Identify author’s purpose(s) (e.g., explain, entertain, inform, persuade) and recognize how author perspective (e.g., beliefs, assumptions, biases) influences text
  • Identify and analyze elements of narrative text (e.g., character development, setting, plot, theme)
  • Summarize narrative text including characters, setting, plot, and theme with supporting details
  • Identify literary devices and explain the ways in which language is used (e.g., simile, metaphor, alliteration, onomatopoeia, imagery, rhythm)
  • Summarize and analyze the main idea from informational text using supporting details
  • Understand and apply knowledge of organizational patterns found in informational text (e.g., sequence, description, cause and effect, compare/contrast, fact/opinion)
  • Apply knowledge of text features to locate information and gain meaning from a text (e.g., index, maps, charts, tables, graphs, headings, subheadings)
  • Describe the defining characteristics of narrative and informational genres (e.g., textbooks, myths, fantasies, science fiction, drama, periodicals, essays)
  • Recognize the social, historical, cultural, and biographical influences in a variety of genres
  • Use narrative and informational text to develop a national and global multi-cultural perspective
  • Generate and/or answer literal, inferential, critical, and interpretive questions, supporting answers using prior knowledge and literal and inferential information from the text and additional sources
  • Select text for a particular purpose (e.g., information, pleasure, answer a specific question)
  • Build and activate prior knowledge in order to identify text to self, text to text, and text to world connections before, during, and after reading
  • Self-monitor comprehension by recognizing when meaning is disrupted and apply strategies to clarify, confirm, or correct
  • Use examples and details to make inferences or logical predictions while previewing and reading text
  • Respond to text verbally, in writing, or artistically
05    Writing: Students will apply the writing process to plan, draft, revise, edit and publish writing using correct spelling, grammar, punctuation, and other standard conventions appropriate for grade level.
  • Use prewriting activities and inquiry tools to generate and organize information, guide writing, and answer questions (e.g., sketch, brainstorm, map, outline, diagram, free write, graphic organizer, digital idea mapping tool)
  • Generate a draft by:

(1) Selecting and organizing ideas relevant to topic, purpose, and genre,

(2)Composing paragraphs with simple and compound sentences of varying length, and complexity, and type (e.g., declarative, interrogative, exclamatory, and imperative), and

(3) Developing details and transitional phrases that link one paragraph to another

  • Revise to improve writing (e.g., quality of ideas, organization, sentence fluency, word choice, voice)
  • Provide oral, written, and/or electronic feedback to other writers; utilize others’ feedback to improve own writing
  • Edit writing for format and conventions (e.g., spelling, capitalization, grammar, punctuation)
  • Publish a legible document (e.g. report, digital story) applying formatting techniques (e.g., indenting paragraphs, titles)
06    Writing: Students will write for a variety of purposes and audiences in multiple genres.
  • Write in a selected genre considering purpose (e.g., inform, entertain, persuade, instruct)
  • Write to a specified audience considering interests, background knowledge, and expectations (e.g., known or unknown individual, business, organization)
  • Write considering tone/voice and typical characteristics of a selected genre (e.g., memoir, biography, report, persuasive letter, poem, essay)
  • Select and apply an organizational structure appropriate to the task (e.g., logical, sequential order, description)
  • Analyze models and examples (own and others’) of various genres to create a similar piece
07    Speaking & Listening: Students will develop and apply speaking skills to communicate key ideas in a variety of situations.
  • Communicate ideas and information in a manner appropriate for the purpose and setting
  • Demonstrate speaking techniques for a variety of purposes and situations
  • Utilize available media to enhance communication (e.g., projection system, presentation software)
08    Speaking & Listening: Students will develop and apply active listening skills across a variety of situations.
  • Demonstrate listening skills needed for multiple situations and modalities (e.g., video, audio, distance, one-to-one, group)
  • Listen and ask questions to clarify, and take notes to ensure accuracy of information
  • Listen to, summarize and interpret message and purpose of information being communicated
09    Speaking & Listening: Students will develop and apply reciprocal communication skills.
  • Demonstrate sensitivity to the use of words in general as well as to a particular audience (e.g., stereotypes, connotations, subtleties of language)
  • Apply conversation strategies (e.g., face the speaker, listen while others are talking, gain the floor, eye contact, tone, stay on topic, non-verbal cues)
  • Interact and collaborate with others in learning situations by contributing questions, information, opinions, and ideas using a variety of media and formats
10    Multiple Literacies: Students will research, synthesize, evaluate and communicate information in a variety of media and formats (textual, visual, and digital).
  • Select and use multiple resources to generate and answer questions (e.g., print, subscription databases, web resources)
  • Demonstrate ethical and legal use of information by citing sources using a prescribed format (e.g., creating a simplified citation of information used)
  • Practice safe and ethical behaviors when communicating and interacting with others (e.g., safe information to share online, appropriate language use, utilizing appropriate sites and materials, respecting diverse perspectives)
  • Engage in activities with learners from a variety of cultures through electronic means (e.g., podcasts, video chats, distance learning)
  • Evaluate the message for bias and commercialism (e.g., product placement, advertising, body image)
  • Gather and share information and opinions as a result of communication with others (e.g., video/audio chat, interview, podcast, multi-media presentations)
  • Use social networks and information tools to gather and share information (e.g., social bookmarking, online collaborative tools)
01    Read, write (in digits, words, and expanded form), round, order, and compare whole numbers, decimals and fractions.
  • Read and write numbers through 12 digits.
  • Round numbers to the nearest multiple of hundreds, thousands, and millions.
  • Compare and order decimals and fractions.
02    Utilize estimation and the four operations to solve problems with whole numbers, decimals, and fractions.
  • Solve problems involving rational numbers (fractions, decimals, and ratios).
  • Justify his/her technique or strategy.
03    Select appropriate tools and demonstrate unit conversions within a system of measurement.
  • Measure length using fractional parts of an inch.
  • Estimate lengths in feet, years, and miles.
  • Change customary units of capacity from smaller to larger and vice versa.
04    Identify, describe, compare, and classify geometric figures and apply procedures to determine perimeter, area, and volume.
  • Identify solid figures (cylinder, sphere, rectangle, prism, and pyramid).
  • Apply procedures to determine perimeter, area, and volume.
  • Identify common types of quadrilaterals.
  • Find the circumference of a circle.
  • Graph number pairs on the coordinate plane.
05    Collect, organize, interpret, and analyze data to draw conclusions and make predictions.
  • Read, write, and interpret bar graphs, pictographs and line graphs.
  • Solve problems using the appropriate strategy.
06    Develop and solve two-step equations using one variable.
  • Develop and solve two-step equations with one variable.
07    Identify, develop, and apply strategies to solve problems using real-life situations.
  • Identify, develop, and apply strategies to solve problems of varying complexities using real-life situations, i.e., draw a picture, look for patterns, choose an operation, make an organized list, and use objects.


SC K-12.1 Students will combine scientific processes and knowledge with scientific reasoning and critical thinking to ask questions about phenomena and propose explanations based on gathered evidence.

1.      Inquiry

·       SC5.1.1.b Plan and conduct investigations and identify factors that have the potential to impact an investigation

·       SC5.1.1.d Make relevant observations and measurements

·       SC5.1.1.e Collect and organize data

·       SC5.1.1.f Develop a reasonable explanation based on collected data

·       SC5.1.1.h Provide feedback on scientific investigations

·       SC5.1.1.i Use appropriate mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry

2.      Technology

·       SC5.1.3.a Identify a simple problem

·       SC5.1.3.b Propose a solution to a simple problem

·       SC5.1.3.c Implement the proposed solution.

·       SC5.1.3.d Evaluate the implementation

·       SC5.1.3.e Communicate the problem, design, and solution


SC K-12.2 Students will integrate and communicate the information, concepts, principles, processes, theories, and models of the Physical Sciences to make connection with the natural and engineered world.

1.     Forces and Motion

·       SC5.2.2.a Describe motion by tracing and measuring an object’s position over a period of time.

·       SC5.2.2.b Compare changes in motion due to outside forces (push, pull, and gravity).

2.     Energy

·        SC5.2.3.d Identify ways to generate heat (friction, burning, incandescent light bulb)

·        SC5.2.3.e Identify materials that act as thermal conductors or insulators


SC K-12.3 Students will integrate and communicate the information, concepts, principles, processes, theories, and models of the Life Sciences to make connections with the natural and engineered world.

1.     Heredity

·       SC5.3.2.a Identify inherited characteristics of plants and animals

2.     Flow of Matter and Energy in Ecosystems

·       SC5.3.3.c Recognize the living and nonliving factors that impact the survival of organisms in an ecosystem

·       SC5.3.3.d Recognize all organisms caused changes, some beneficial and some detrimental, in the environment where they live


SC K-12.4 Students will integrate and communicate the information, concepts, principles, processes, theories, and models of the Earth and Space Sciences to make connections with the natural and engineered world.

1.     Energy in Earth’s Systems

·       SC5.4.3.a Describe the Sun’s warming effect on the land, air, and water.

·       SC5.4.3.b Observe, measure, and record changes in weather (temperature, wind direction, and speed, air pressure, and precipitation).

·       SC5.4.3.c Recognize the difference between weather, climate, and seasons


Social Studies
01    CULTURE:
  • Describe the elements of culture and their influence on American society.
  • Describe the contributions of individuals who have made a significant difference in U. S. history.
  • Interpret and use information from maps and globes.
  • Explain the influence of economics on American society.
  • Describe the structure and function of the U. S. government.
The Six Traits of Writing
01    Ideas
  • Clarity
  • Focus - a small, easy-to-manage topic
  • Good information - from experience, imagination or research
02    Organization-
  • A snappy lead that gets the reader’s attention
  • Order and logic - Clear connections to a main idea
  • A graceful ending - doesn’t just STOP
03    Voice
  • Sounds human–not like technospeak
  • Has the mark of this particular writer
  • Brings the topic to life
  • Is appropriate for the audience, topic, purpose
04    Word Choice
  • Moments that stick with you
  • Relies on strong verbs and precise nouns - not on modifiers
  • Creates word pictures
05    Sentence Fluency
  • Rhythmic
  • Easy to read aloud - inviting
  • Varied sentence length - some long, some short
06    Conventions
  • Spelling
  • Correct punctuation
  • Paragraphs for new topics
  • Quotations to set off dialogue
  • Appropriate capitalization
  • Noun/Verb agreement
  • No arbitrary shifts in tense
  • Layout has eye appeal